Attack on US consulate kills 4 Americans

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-19570254

The US ambassador to Libya is among four Americans killed in an attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, President Barack Obama has confirmed.

Unidentified armed men stormed the grounds overnight amid uproar among Muslims over a film produced in the US said to insult the Prophet Muhammad.
They shot at buildings and threw handmade bombs into the compound.
It has not been confirmed how the ambassador, J Christopher Stevens, and the others died.
Protesters against the film also attacked the US embassy in Cairo on Tuesday night.

‘Asphyxiated’Continue reading the main story
“Start Quote

It is almost inevitable that this attack will put President Obama’s foreign policy centre stage in the election campaign, at least for a while”

Posted ImageMark MardellNorth America editor

Speaking in the Rose Garden at the White House, President Obama told reporters the attack would not break the bonds between the US and the new Libyan government.
But he added: “Make no mistake – justice will be done.”
The US is deploying a marine anti-terrorism team to Libya to bolster security after the attack, a US defence source told reporters in Washington.
Libya’s interim leader, Mohammed Magarief, apologised to the US over the killings, which he called “cowardly criminal acts”.
Reports say a militia known as the Ansar al-Sharia brigade was involved in the attack, but the group has denied the claim, the BBC’s Rana Jawad in Tripoli says.
Reports suggest that Ambassador Stevens and his staff went to the consulate in an attempt to evacuate the site after it was attacked.

Continue reading the main story
Analysis

Posted Image

Jonathan Marcus
BBC Diplomatic Correspondent
The killing of the US ambassador to Libya, Christopher Stevens, along with three other US embassy staff, raises a host of questions about security, the prevalence of armed militias in the country and the whole trajectory of Libya’s democratic project.
The Obama administration in Washington will want answers from the Libyan government about the scale of the security measures in place at its consulate in Benghazi and how demonstrators were able to get into the building.
More broadly, the ambassador’s death highlights the continuing instability in Libya as the country struggles to establish security and the rule of law.
The country is awash with weapons and armed militias. Some, of a Salafist or extreme Islamic fundamentalist outlook, hold sway in many areas.

They were reportedly trying to leave the consulate building for a safer location when gunmen launched an intense attack, apparently forcing back security guards.
“The American ambassador and three staff members were killed when gunmen fired rockets in their direction,” a Libyan official in Benghazi told Reuters news agency.
The Libyan doctor who treated Mr Stevens in hospital said he had died of severe asphyxiation, apparently from smoke inhalation, with no other injuries, and that he had tried for 90 minutes to revive him.
He was the only American brought into the Benghazi Medical Centre and initially nobody realised he was the ambassador, Ziad Abu Zeid told the Associated Press news agency.
A second US man killed in the attack was named as Sean Smith, a father of two who was employed as an information management officer.
The names of the remaining two victims have not yet been released.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton described Mr Smith in a statementas “one of the best”.Continue reading the main story
  

  US media reaction

Time correspondent Ashraf Khalil describes the scene on the ground in Egypt and concludes the reaction to the film was “essentially a case of an American group of fringe Christian fundamentalists successfully provoking and enraging a similar group of fringe Muslim fundamentalists”.
ABC’s Jake Tapper explains the chronology of events in Egypt and Libya as the Romney campaign accused the White House on Tuesday of being sympathetic with those who waged the attacks.
NBC calls Mr Romney’s criticism of the Obama administration “one of the most over-the-top and incorrect attacks of the general-election campaign”.
In the International Herald Tribune, Harvey Morrisshares Christopher Stevens’ recent emails with him about his hopes for Libya.

Speaking to reporters later, Mrs Clinton said many Americans were asking how such an attack could have happened in a country America had helped to liberate.
“This was an attack by a small and savage group, not the people and government of Libya,” she said.
The attack was condemned by UK Foreign Secretary William Hague as “brutal and senseless”.
Mitt Romney, Mr Obama’s Republican challenger in the forthcoming presidential election, criticised the US administration’s response to the attacks in Benghazi and Cairo, saying it had appeared to “sympathise with those who waged the attacks”.
Mr Obama’s team, he said, had sent “mixed signals to the world” in the face of violence.
Safety concerns
Our correspondent says many people in Libya are still armed following the conflict that overthrew Gaddafi.
Analysts say the attack will raise serious new concerns about stability in the country and the ability of the new Libyan administration to maintain security.
In June, two British bodyguards were injured in an attack in Benghazi on a convoy carrying the British ambassador to Libya. Red Cross and UN staff also came under attack this year.Continue reading the main story

US ambassadors killed in line of duty

  • John Gordon Mein – Guatemala, 1968: Shot dead by rebels who ambushed his car
  • Cleo A Noel Jr – Sudan, 1973: Shot dead along with senior US and Belgian diplomats by Palestinian militants, after being taken hostage in Saudi embassy
  • Rodger P Davies – Cyprus, 1974: Killed by sniper gunfire during a protest at US embassy by Greek Cypriots
  • Francis E Meloy Jr – Lebanon, 1976:Kidnapped and shot dead by Palestinian militants in Beirut with another senior US official
  • Adolph Dubs – Afghanistan, 1979: Killed in exchange of fire after Afghan and Soviet forces tried to free him from kidnappers in hotel

Correspondents say the film at the heart of the row, which appeared on Youtube translated into Arabic, is highly provocative and insulting to Muslims.
A demonstration in Cairo on Tuesday saw protesters breach the US embassy and tear down the US flag, which was flying at half-mast to mark the 9/11 attacks.
An Islamic tenet bans the portrayal of the Prophet Muhammad.
On Wednesday, the Afghan government gave orders for Youtube to be closed to the public until the offending film was removed but the site was still visible to internet users in the capital, Kabul.
Cartoons featuring the Islamic religion’s key figure sparked violent unrest among Muslims in 2005 when they were published by a Danish newspaper.
Mrs Clinton said the attack on the consulate in Benghazi “should shock the conscience of people of all faiths”.


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